Saturday, January 28, 2017
To combat human trafficking, South Korealina will install ransomware on your computer... unless you pay $20 to remove it
South Carolina General Assembly
122nd Session, 2017-2018
Introduced in the House on January 10, 2017
Currently residing in the House Committee on Judiciary
Summary: Human Trafficking Prevention Act
TO AMEND THE CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, BY ADDING ARTICLE 5 TO CHAPTER 15, TITLE 16 SO AS TO ENACT THE “HUMAN TRAFFICKING PREVENTION ACT”, TO REQUIRE A BUSINESS, MANUFACTURER, WHOLESALER, OR INDIVIDUAL THAT MANUFACTURES, DISTRIBUTES, OR SELLS A PRODUCT THAT MAKES CONTENT ACCESSIBLE ON THE INTERNET TO INSTALL AND OPERATE A DIGITAL BLOCKING CAPABILITY THAT RENDERS OBSCENITY INACCESSIBLE AND TO SET MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BLOCKING CAPABILITY; TO ESTABLISH A PROCEDURE FOR THE CONSUMER TO DEACTIVATE THE DIGITAL BLOCKING CAPABILITY; TO ALLOW A REPORTING SYSTEM TO UNBLOCK CONTENT THAT IS NOT OBSCENE, SUCH AS SOCIAL MEDIA WEBSITES, AND AUTHORIZE A CONSUMER TO SEEK JUDICIAL RELIEF IF THE FILTERED CONTENT IS NOT UNBLOCKED WITHIN A REASONABLE TIME; TO ESTABLISH CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR A BUSINESS OR INDIVIDUAL THAT VIOLATES THIS ARTICLE; TO AUTHORIZE THE ATTORNEY GENERAL TO SEEK INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AGAINST A BUSINESS, MANUFACTURER, WHOLESALER OR INDIVIDUAL THAT MANUFACTURES, DISTRIBUTES, OR SELLS ANY PRODUCTS IN THIS STATE WITHOUT A DIGITAL BLOCKING CAPABILITY, TO ESTABLISH THAT A CONSUMER OR THE ATTORNEY GENERAL MAY FILE A SUIT AGAINST A PARTY THAT IS UNRESPONSIVE TO A REPORT OF OBSCENE MATERIAL BREACHING THE FILTER AND TO PRESCRIBE DAMAGES FOR EACH VIOLATION.
Whereas, the State of South Carolina has a compelling interest in protecting the public health and protecting minors from being exposed to obscenity; and
Whereas, studies have shown that pornography is a public health hazard, leading to a broad spectrum of well documented individual impacts and societal harms; and
Whereas, easily accessible pornography on products that are distributed through the Internet is impacting the demand for human trafficking and prostitution; and
Whereas, the General Assembly has a compelling interest to impose a narrowly tailored, common sense filter system that combats the growing epidemic of dissemination of pornographic images and the resulting demand for human trafficking while balancing the consumer’s fundamental right to regulate his own mental health. Now, therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Chapter 15, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
Human Trafficking Prevention Act
Section 16 15 500. This article may be cited as the ‘Human Trafficking Prevention Act’.
Section 16 15 510. (A) A business, manufacturer, wholesaler, or individual that manufactures, distributes, or sells a product that makes content accessible on the Internet is prohibited from doing business in this State unless the product contains an active and operating digital blocking capability that renders any obscenity, as defined in Section 16 15 305, inaccessible.
(B) The business, manufacturer, wholesaler, or individual must:
(1) make reasonable and ongoing efforts to ensure that the digital content blocking capability functions properly, including establishing a reporting mechanism such as a website or call center to allow for a consumer to report unblocked obscene content or report blocked content that is not obscene;
(2) ensure that all child pornography and revenge pornography is inaccessible on the product;
(3) prohibit the product from accessing any hub that facilitates prostitution; and
(4) render websites that are known to facilitate any trafficking of persons, as defined in Section 16 3 2010(9), inaccessible.
Section 16 15 520. Any digital blocking capability may be deactivated after the consumer:
(1) requests in writing that the capability be disabled;
(2) presents identification to verify that the consumer is eighteen years of age or older;
(3) acknowledges receiving a written warning regarding the potential danger of deactivating the digital blocking capability; and
(4) pays a one time twenty dollar digital access fee.
Section 16 15 530. (A) If the digital blocking capability blocks content that is not obscene and the block is reported to a call center or reporting website, the content must be unblocked within a reasonable time but in no event later than five business days after the block is reported.
(B) The digital blocking capability may not filter social media websites that are primarily used for social interaction if these websites have a reporting center and remain reasonably proactive in removing reported obscene content.
(C) The consumer may seek judicial relief to unblock filtered content.
Section 16 15 540. (A) A manufacturer or wholesaler that manufactures, distributes, or sells a product that makes content accessible on the Internet may elect to pay a twenty dollar opt out fee for each product that enters this State’s stream of commerce.
(B) A business, manufacturer, wholesaler, or individual that manufactures, distributes, or sells a product that makes content accessible on the Internet must submit the funds collected as the digital access fee or the opt out fee to the State Treasurer each quarter. The State Treasurer must disburse the funds collected to the Attorney General to help fund the operations of the Human Trafficking Task Force and the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force.
Section 16 15 550. (A) A business or individual that violates the provisions of this article by manufacturing, distributing, or selling a product that makes content accessible on the Internet without the digital content blocking capability, selling the product to a minor without activated filters, or providing the means to disable the digital content blocking capability is guilty of violating Sections 16 15 250, 16 15 345, and 16 15 385 and, upon conviction, is subject to the penalties provided by those sections.
(B) A business or individual who complies with the provisions of Section 16 15 520 is not subject to criminal liability for violating the provisions of this article.
Section 16 15 560. (A) The Office of Attorney General is authorized to seek injunctive relief against any business, manufacturer, wholesaler, or individual that manufactures, distributes, or sells any products in this State that violates the provisions of this article.
(B) If a business, manufacturer, wholesaler, or individual is unresponsive to a report of obscene material that has breached the filter, the consumer or Attorney General may file a civil suit. The consumer or Attorney General may seek damages of up to five hundred dollars for each piece of content that was reported but not subsequently blocked.
(C) The prevailing party in the civil action may seek attorneys’ fees.”
SECTION 2. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.